A convector is a heating surface that transfers heat mainly by convection. Convection is the process by which heat is transferred when cooler air flows over the warm surface of a solid material.
Water-carrying cooling ceilings can be used as a supplement, if cooled-air temperature regulation systems are insufficient. The cooling effect is primarily achieved through the absorption of heat, with convection being a secondary function.
A cooling jacket enables a portion of the pumped liquid or an external liquid to be circulated around the motor stator housing. This absorbs excess heat by forced convection, ensuring efficient cooling of the pump.
A cooling surface is used for cooling of outside air before injection into the building. A cooling surface can be an integrated part of an AHU or placed directly in an air injection duct.
COP (Coefficient of performance)
Coefficient of performance (COP), is an expression of the efficiency of a heat pump. When calculating the COP for a heat pump, the heat output from the condenser (Q) is compared to the power supplied to the compressor (W).
Corrosion can occur on external and internal surfaces of pipes, tanks and radiators. In the design phase various issues have to be considered such as pipe material, insulation, medium, humidity and air purging etc.
COSP (Coefficient of system performance)
The COSP of a heat pump is based on the total heat extracted (also referred to as Q) in relation to the energy supplied to the heat pump (also referred to as W).